1975, Rubin: good language learners facilitate their learning.
Good language learners:
- willing and accurate guessers who have a strong desire to communicate, even appear
-attend to both meaning and form of their message.
-practice and monitor their own speech as well as others.
In order to maximise (good) language learners potential and contribute to their autonomy, they need training in learning strategies.
Learning strategy training: training students in the use of learning strategies in order to improve their learning effectiveness.
1.T reads Ss’ learning journals- finds Ss’ learning problems.
2. T decides to have Ss to work on the strategy of advance organisation.
3.T models the use of the srtategy.
Ss practice the new learning strategy (‘hand-on’ experience).
5. Ss evaluate their own success in learning the strategy and modify it to meet their own learning needs (self-regulated, self-assessment).
Teacher’s job is not only to teach lang. but learning.
Strategies should not be taught in isolation, but rather as part of the content-area or language curriculum.
Help learners to continue to learn after completing formal study of the target language.
Use to plan, monitor and evaluate a learning task.
Arrange the conditions that help one to learn.
Set long and short-term goals.
Check Ss’ comprehension during listening or reading.
Learners interact and manipulate what is to be learned
Example replaying a word or phrase mentally
to ‘listen’ to it again.
learn a new word by associating with
a familiar word by creating a visual
Learners interact with other persons or ‘use affective control to assist learning.
Example create situations to practice the target
use self-talk to think positively and talk
oneself through a difficult task, and
cooperate/ work with others to share
info, obtain feedback and complete a